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Angioplasty, also called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), is a minimally invasive procedure that opens blocked or narrowed arteries. A long, thin tube called a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel and guided to the blocked artery. The catheter has a tiny balloon at its tip.
Once the catheter is in place, the balloon is inflated to widen the artery. Sometimes, a stent is inserted into the artery at the same time. A stent is a small metal coil that helps to keep the artery open. Angioplasty is usually done under local anesthesia, but general anesthesia may be used in some cases. The procedure takes about 1-2 hours.
There are two main types of angioplasty surgery:
Coronary artery stent placement: A procedure used to place a small metal coil (stent) in a blocked or narrowed coronary artery to keep it open. Stents are often placed in conjunction with balloon angioplasty.
Other types of angioplasty surgery include:
Carotid artery angioplasty: A procedure used to open blocked or narrowed arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain. The procedure is similar to balloon angioplasty, but a different type of catheter is used.
Cerebral angioplasty: A procedure used to open blocked or narrowed arteries in the brain. It is a more complex procedure than balloon angioplasty and is typically performed by a neurointerventional radiologist.
Laser angioplasty: A procedure used to open blocked or narrowed arteries using a laser. A catheter with a laser fiber at the tip is inserted into the blood vessel and guided to the blocked artery. The laser is then used to vaporize the plaque and widen the artery.
PTA of the femoral artery: A procedure used to open blocked or narrowed arteries in the legs. The procedure is similar to balloon angioplasty, but a different type of catheter is used.
The type of angioplasty surgery that is right for you depends on the location and severity of your blocked or narrowed artery, as well as your overall health.
Your doctor will review your medical history and perform a physical exam.
You may need to undergo some tests, such as blood tests, an electrocardiogram (EKG), and a stress test.
You will need to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, before the surgery.
You will need to fast for several hours before the surgery.
You will be given anesthesia to keep you comfortable during the procedure.
A small incision will be made in your groin, wrist, or arm.
A catheter, a thin tube, will be inserted through the incision and threaded up to the blocked artery.
A contrast dye will be injected through the catheter to help the doctor see the artery on X-ray images.
A guidewire will be inserted through the catheter and threaded into the blocked artery.
A balloon catheter will be inserted over the guidewire and threaded into the blocked artery.
The balloon will be inflated to widen the artery.
The balloon will be deflated and removed.
If necessary, a stent may be placed in the artery to keep it open.
The catheter will be removed.
The incision will be closed.
The entire procedure typically takes 1-2 hours.
You will be monitored for a few hours to make sure that you are recovering well.
You may need to stay in the hospital overnight.
You will be given medication to help prevent blood clots and infection.
You will need to avoid strenuous activity for a few weeks.
Angioplasty surgery is a relatively safe procedure, but there are some risks, including:
Allergic reaction to the contrasting dye
Coronary artery damage
Excessive bleeding at the insertion area
Blood clotting within the vessels
The benefits of angioplasty surgery include:
It can improve blood flow to the heart muscle and relieve chest pain.
It can reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Effective for a variety of conditions including coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, and carotid artery disease.
Can be used in conjunction with other treatments, such as lifestyle changes and medication, to manage chronic conditions.
minimally invasive procedure, which means that it does not require open-heart surgery. This can lead to a shorter recovery time and less pain.
Outpatient procedure: Angioplasty can often be done as an outpatient procedure, which means that you can go home the same day.
Angioplasty is a good option for people who have one or two blocked or narrowed arteries and who are in relatively good health. It is also a good option for people who have other medical conditions that would put them at high risk for open-heart surgery.
The recovery time for angioplasty surgery varies depending on the individual, but most people are able to go home the same day or the next day. You will need to avoid strenuous activity for a few weeks, but you should be able to return to your normal activities within a month or two.
Here are some tips for a healthy recovery after angioplasty surgery:
Get plenty of rest.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Take your medications as prescribed.
Avoid strenuous activity.
Eat a healthy diet.
It is also important to see your doctor for follow-up appointments to check on your recovery and to make sure that your arteries are staying open. If you have any concerns about your recovery, please talk to your doctor.
Here are some additional tips for a healthy recovery:
Eat a heart-healthy diet. This includes eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It also means limiting saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and sodium.
Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
Quit smoking. Smoking damages the arteries and can make it more likely that the artery will narrow again after angioplasty.
Manage stress. Stress can raise blood pressure and cholesterol, and it can also make it more difficult to control diabetes. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, relaxation techniques, or spending time with loved ones.
By following these tips, you can help to ensure a healthy recovery from angioplasty surgery and reduce your risk of future heart problems.
The cost of angioplasty surgery in Delhi can vary depending on a number of factors, including the type of angioplasty, the hospital where the surgery is performed, and the surgeon's fees. However, the average cost of angioplasty surgery in Delhi is around ₹1.5 lakh to ₹3.2 lahks.
Here is a breakdown of some of the factors that can affect the cost of angioplasty surgery in Delhi:
Type of angioplasty: There are different types of angioplasty, such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement. The cost of the surgery will vary depending on the type of angioplasty that is performed.
Hospital: The cost of angioplasty surgery can also vary depending on the hospital where the surgery is performed. Government hospitals tend to be less expensive than private hospitals.
Surgeon's fees: The surgeon's fees can also affect the cost of angioplasty surgery. The surgeon's experience and qualifications will also play a role in determining the cost of the surgery.
If you are considering angioplasty surgery, it is important to talk to your doctor about the cost of the surgery. Your doctor can help you to understand the different factors that can affect the cost of the surgery and can help you to find a reputable hospital and surgeon.