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Cataract surgery also called lens replacement surgery is a procedure to remove the lens of the eye and, in most cases, replace it with an artificial lens. A cataract is a cloudy area in the lens of the eye that can cause vision loss. Cataracts are usually caused by aging, but they can also be caused by other medical conditions, such as diabetes or eye injury.
Cataract surgery is a very common and safe procedure. It is typically performed on an outpatient basis, which means you don't have to stay in the hospital overnight. The surgery usually takes about an hour.
Cataract eye surgery is considered one of the safest and most effective surgical procedures, with a high success rate in improving vision and overall quality of life for people with cataracts. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications, which should be discussed thoroughly with the ophthalmologist before the procedure.
Advancements in medical technology have led to various cataract surgery types, each tailored to individual needs and eye conditions.
Phacoemulsification: often referred to as phaco, is the most prevalent cataract surgery technique. It involves the use of ultrasound to break the cloudy lens into small pieces, which are then gently suctioned out through a tiny incision. The procedure promotes faster healing and minimal discomfort.
Extracapsular Cataract Surgery (ECCE): ECCE is an older method where a larger incision is made to remove the cloudy lens in one piece. Although it requires a larger incision, it is typically used for advanced cataracts and cases where phacoemulsification is not suitable.
Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS): MSICS is a cost-effective alternative that combines aspects of both ECCE and phacoemulsification. A smaller incision is made, and the cataract is manually removed. This method is commonly used in regions with limited resources.
Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery: LACS employs lasers for precise incisions, softening the cataract, and enhancing the overall accuracy of the procedure. It offers greater precision and is particularly beneficial for patients with specific visual needs.
Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery: This advanced form of LACS uses femtosecond lasers for several critical steps, ensuring an unprecedented level of precision. It is highly effective for complex cases, enhancing safety, and improving visual outcomes.
The recovery time from eye cataract surgery varies from person to person, but most people are able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks.
Here is a general overview of what to expect during the recovery process:
Day 1: You will likely need to wear an eye patch or shield for the first day after surgery. You may also experience some mild discomfort, such as redness, swelling, and blurred vision.
Days 2-7: Your eye should start to feel better after the first few days. You will still need to be careful not to rub or bump your eye. You will also need to continue using eye drops as prescribed by your doctor.
Weeks 2-6: Your vision should continue to improve during the second and third weeks. You will still need to avoid strenuous activities and sports, but you should be able to return to most of your normal activities.
After 6 weeks: Most people have fully recovered from cataract surgery after 6 weeks. Your vision should be stable and you should be able to resume all of your normal activities.
After cataract surgery, it is important to take precautions to protect your eye and help it heal properly. Here are some tips:
Use eye drops as prescribed by your doctor. Eye drops will help to prevent infection and inflammation.
Wear an eye patch or shield as directed by your doctor. This will help to protect your eye from dust, dirt, and other irritants.
Avoid rubbing or bumping your eye. This could damage the incision and delay healing.
Avoid strenuous activities and sports. This could increase pressure in your eye and interfere with healing.
Bathe or shower carefully. Avoid getting water in your eye. If you do get water in your eye, rinse it out immediately with a sterile saline solution.
Avoid swimming and other water activities. This could increase your risk of infection.
Protect your eye from the sun. Wear sunglasses or a hat when you are outdoors.
Attend all of your follow-up appointments with your doctor. This is important so that your doctor can monitor your healing and make sure that there are no complications.
Here are some additional after-cataract surgery precautions that you may need to take, depending on your individual circumstances:
Avoid lifting heavy objects. This could increase pressure in your eye.
Avoid bending over. This could also increase pressure in your eye.
Avoid coughing or sneezing hard. This could also increase pressure in your eye.
Avoid driving until your doctor says it is safe. This is usually about a week after surgery.
Enhanced Quality of Life
Safety and Low Risk
Reduced Dependence on Glasses
Correction of Astigmatism
Preservation of Eye Health
Improved Night Vision
Restoration of Colors
Vision loss or double vision
Artificial lens moving out of place.
Retinal detachment (Retina moving out of place)
|Procedure||Cost Range (INR)|
|Eye Exam and Consultation||500 - 1,500|
|Pre-Operative Tests||2,000 - 5,000|
|Monofocal Lens||22,000 - 30,000|
|Toric Lens||40,000 - 50,000|
|Multifocal Lens||50,000 - 1,30,000|
|1,000 - 3,000|
|1,000 - 5,000|